A Look at the Major Influences Behind Your Favorite Video Games
Released in 2007, Bioshock was based around the principles of Objectivism – the philosophical ideology of self-interestedness, propagated throughout the work of Ayn Rand.
In the game, it is suggested that Andrew Ryan original created Rapture as a haven from outsiders, in which the artist, scientist or philosopher could pursue their ambitions without limitation, a concept also explored throughout Atlas Shrugged, as well as The Fountainhead.
Ayn Rand and Andrew Ryan share similar histories, both heralding from the Soviet Union, escaping to America in order to avoid the escalation of Communism. Bioshock also parallels numerous aspects of the novels, referencing those incidents throughout the story.
During a radio transmission for instance, it is revealed that Andrew Ryan once destroyed his own property in order to prevent it from becoming public possession, an act mirrored in Atlas Shrugged, in which Ellis Wyatt commits a similar act for analogous reasons.
The name Atlas was also taken directly from Atlas Shrugged, and Frank Fontaine was inspired by the title of The Fountainhead.
Finally, throughout the game several posters can be found featuring the tagline, “Who is Atlas?”, a possible reference to the expression, “Who is John Galt?” a reoccurring line featured throughout Atlas Shrugged.